Damm is obligatory when you have:
- Violated one of the prohibitions of Ihram, such as applying perfume or cutting the hair.
- Failed to perform a Wajib act of Hajj, such as crossing the Miqat without entering into the state of Ihram.
- Transgressed the sanctity of the Haram, such as killing an animal within its boundaries.
Please refer to these tables which provide a more comprehensive overview of actions that would require Damm.
Examples of actions that would necessitate Damm:
- Entering the Miqat without coming into Ihram.
- Applying fragrances or perfumes to the body or to the clothing, or using scented substances.
- Applying Henna or Kohl to the body.
- Wearing stitched / sewn / tailored clothing that fits the shape of the body, in the case of men. For example, wearing underwear, shirts, trousers and jackets.
- Wearing footwear that covers the ankle and the top part of the foot (the shoelace area), in the case of men.
- Covering the head or face.
- Shaving, cutting, trimming or removing hair from any part of the body.
- Clipping the nails on the hands or feet.
- Kissing, touching or embracing a person of the opposite gender with lust / desire.
- Having sexual relations. Depending on when this takes place, it could also invalidate the Hajj or Umrah.
- Hunting a prohibited animal.
Omitting an obligatory action of Hajj or Umrah or not performing it in the way it should be performed.