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  • Ibadah

    Ibadah (Arabic: عبادة‎‎, pl. عبادات Ibadat) is commonly translated as “worship” and is the observance of devotional practices, based on injunctions in the Quran and elaborated in the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ. Linguistically, Ibadah means “obedience with submission”. Through the performance of Ibadah, a Muslim’s relationship with Allah is nurtured.

    Types of Ibadah

    There are different forms and levels of Ibadah. The Five Pillars of Islam, namely Shahadah, Salah, Zakah, Sawm and Hajj are different types of Ibadah. These Ibadat are considered Fardh i.e. obligatory and must be performed (if one has the means to do so).

    Other types of Ibadah can be classed as Nafl, or voluntary, which aren’t obligatory but considered very virtuous. According to the following Hadith, voluntary worship is extremely beneficial for the one performing it, in terms of gaining proximity to Allah:

    حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ مَخْلَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، حَدَّثَنِي شَرِيكُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي نَمِرٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ مَنْ عَادَى لِي وَلِيًّا فَقَدْ آذَنْتُهُ بِالْحَرْبِ، وَمَا تَقَرَّبَ إِلَىَّ عَبْدِي بِشَىْءٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَىَّ مِمَّا افْتَرَضْتُ عَلَيْهِ، وَمَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَىَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ، فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْتُ سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطُشُ بِهَا وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا، وَإِنْ سَأَلَنِي لأُعْطِيَنَّهُ، وَلَئِنِ اسْتَعَاذَنِي لأُعِيذَنَّهُ، وَمَا تَرَدَّدْتُ عَنْ شَىْءٍ أَنَا فَاعِلُهُ تَرَدُّدِي عَنْ نَفْسِ الْمُؤْمِنِ، يَكْرَهُ الْمَوْتَ وَأَنَا أَكْرَهُ مَسَاءَتَهُ ‏”‏‏.‏

    Abu Huraira Narrated: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “Allah said, ‘I will declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him; and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (praying or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection (Refuge), I will protect him; (i.e. give him My Refuge) and I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul of the believer, for he hates death, and I hate to disappoint him.”
    [Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari]

    Examples of Ibadah

    As well as performing the rites of the pilgrimage itself, the following are some examples of volunatry Ibadah that can be performed during Hajj or Umrah:

    • Performing Dhikr i.e. remembering Allah in all situations.
    • Following the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ.
    • Sending salutations upon the Prophet ﷺ.
    • Reciting the Holy Quran.
    • Giving charity.
    • Fulfilling your obligations towards your fellow pilgrim.
    • Reminding others of righteous actions.

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