• Damm

    Damm (Arabic: دم) refers to the sacrifice of a small animal such as a sheep or a goat (or the cost of one-seventh of a large animal if sharing) as compensation (Fidyah) for missing an action or violating a Hajj-related law.

    Damm is obligatory when you have:

    1. Violated one of the prohibitions of Ihram, such as applying perfume or cutting the hair.
    2. Failed to perform a Wajib act of Hajj, such as crossing the Miqat without entering into the state of Ihram.
    3. Transgressed the sanctity of the Haram, such as killing an animal within its boundaries.

    Please refer to these tables which provide a more comprehensive overview of actions that would require Damm.

    Examples of actions that would necessitate Damm:

    • Entering the Miqat without coming into Ihram.
    • Applying fragrances or perfumes to the body or to the clothing, or using scented substances.
    • Applying Henna or Kohl to the body.
    • Wearing stitched / sewn / tailored clothing that fits the shape of the body, in the case of men. For example, wearing underwear, shirts, trousers and jackets.
    • Wearing footwear that covers the ankle and the top part of the foot (the shoelace area), in the case of men.
    • Covering the head or face.
    • Shaving, cutting, trimming or removing hair from any part of the body.
    • Clipping the nails on the hands or feet.
    • Kissing, touching or embracing a person of the opposite gender with lust / desire.
    • Having sexual relations. Depending on when this takes place, it could also invalidate the Hajj or Umrah.
    • Hunting a prohibited animal.
      Omitting an obligatory action of Hajj or Umrah or not performing it in the way it should be performed.

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