- 1 Rituals in Mina
- 2 Rami of Jamarah al-Aqaba
- 3 Hady
- 4 Halq / Taqsir
- 5 Tawaf al-Ziyarah
- 6 Travelling back to Mina
- 7 Remaining in Makkah
- 8 Summary of Day 3
This day is known as Yawm al-Nahr (the Day of Sacrifice) on account of the large amount of animals that are slaughtered as sacrifices. This is Eid day, although pilgrims don’t partake in Eid celebrations as would normally be the case back home.
Rituals in Mina
Once you’re back in Mina on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, you will partake in these rituals in the following sequence:
- Rami (pelting) of Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar).
- Hady (sacrificing an animal) – this is only obligatory (Wajib) for those pilgrims performing Hajj al-Tamattu and Hajj al-Qiran. For those performing Hajj al-Ifrad, Hady is recommended.
- Halq / Taqsir (cutting the hair).
- Tawaf al-Ziyarah.
There is flexibility in terms of the timeframe in which each of these rituals must be performed. They can all be performed on the 10th if you wish or can be performed any time after sunrise on the 10th and before sunset on the 12th. However, it is necessary to perform them in the correct order. If the ritual is performed outside the fixed timeframe or the aforementioned rituals are performed in the incorrect order, a penalty will be due.
Rami of Jamarah al-Aqaba
On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, only Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar) will be pelted. You must not pelt the small and medium pillars on this occasion, although if they are pelted erroneously, a penalty will not be due. The pillars are clearly marked with signposts in both English and Arabic, so make sure you identify the big pillar before you pelt.
Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar) is the one located closest to Makkah, Jamarat al-Ula (the small pillar) is located near Masjid al-Khayf in Mina and Jamarat al-Wusta (the medium pillar) is located between the big and small pillars.
Pelting can be performed between the time of Fajr Salah on 10th and the time of Fajr Salah on 11th. However, there are various times of the day where pelting is more virtuous than other times. These times are as follows:
- Before Fajr Salah – Not allowed to pelt.
- Between Fajr Salah and sunrise – Disliked (Makruh) for men*, but still valid and permissible for women, the elderly and the infirm.
- Sunrise to midday (10 minutes before the beginning of Dhuhr Salah) – Sunnah. Try to perform Rami at this time, provided it isn’t too crowded.
- Between midday and sunset – Permissible (Mubah) without being disliked.
- Between sunset and Fajr Salah (of the 11th) – Disliked (Makruh) for men*, but still valid and permissible for women, the elderly and the infirm.
*It will not be disliked (Makruh) for a man who is a Mahram to perform Rami with a woman who is pelting at this time.
Pelting must be completed within the allotted timeframe, otherwise a penalty will be due.
The busiest time for performing Rami is just after midday. There is less crowding immediately before or after Asr Salah, as well as during the night, so performing Rami during these times would be ideal if you want to avoid the congestion.
Walking to the Jamarat
The Jamarat are located at the far side of Mina i.e. the end that is closest to Makkah.
Before you set off, ensure you take your pebbles with you in your pebble bag or plastic bottle. Take about 10 pebbles – 7 to throw at the pillar and a few extra just in case.
Walking to the Jamarat from your camp in Mina, through a series of tunnels would prove easier than travelling there by coach.
Ensure you stay hydrated during this walk and use an umbrella to protect yourself from the sun. Despite the shade from the tunnels, it can still get very hot. There are plenty of refreshments available on the way and the police are even kind enough to spray pilgrims with water to keep them cool.
Make you don’t sit under the bridges or on any of the walkways on the way to Jamarat. Impeding the efficient flow of pilgrims could turn into a potentially dangerous situation.
If you are a woman, ensure you fix a meeting point with your Mahram, in case you get separated from him during the walk.
Pelting the Jamarat
Please refer to this article for the procedure on how to pelt and for additional tips and advice.
After the pelting has been completed, you have two options:
- Return back to your camp in Mina where you wait until the animal sacrifice has been performed. You then have your haircut, exit the state of Ihram and proceed to Makkah where you perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah. This is the Sunnah method.
- Proceed to Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah directly from the Jamarat, while the animal sacrifice is performed on your behalf, as is normally arranged by tour operators. The individual responsible for the sacrifice will then contact your hotel to let you know that the sacrifice has been carried out at which point you can go ahead and have your haircut in Makkah, allowing you to leave the state of Ihram and perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah. Alternatively, you can perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah before the animal sacrifice has been carried out whilst still in the state of Ihram. Although this isn’t the Sunnah method, it is still acceptable and won’t result in a penalty.
Hady is the Wajib (obligatory) sacrifice performed on the Day of Nahr. It can be carried out after performing Rami of the Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar) up until sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. If it is carried out before or after this timeframe, a penalty will be necessary. It must be performed before cutting your hair and leaving the state of Ihram. Although it is not obligatory for those performing Hajj al-Ifrad, it is certainly recommended.
Where to Perform Hady
The sacrifice can be carried out anywhere in Mina, Muzdalifah or Makkah. There are a number of modern slaughterhouses next to the Europa Camps in Mina as well as in Muzdalifah. It is a Sunnah to perform your sacrifice in Mina, although it is completely acceptable to have it done in Muzdalifah and Makkah.
After you have performed Rami, if you have returned to your camp in Mina, you can go directly to the slaughterhouses where the sacrifices are performed. There are kiosks outside the slaughterhouses selling coupons which you will need for the animal sacrifice. You can either have someone do it in front of you or you can do it yourself. Remember that millions of animals are being slaughtered in this area, so it certainly isn’t for the faint-hearted.
It is more likely however that the animal sacrifice has already been arranged by your travel agent as part of your Hajj package. If this is the case, you don’t have to be physically present at the slaughterhouse to supervise the sacrifice. Once the Hady has been carried out, you should be notified at which point you can have your haircut and leave the state of Ihram.
Please refer to this article for additional information on animal sacrifice.
Halq / Taqsir
After you have received confirmation of the animal sacrifice being carried out, proceed to have your hair shaved if you’re a man (Halq) or trimmed if you’re a woman (Taqsir).
If you’re performing Hajj al-Ifrad as opposed to Hajj al-Tamattu or Hajj al-Qiran, you may have your cut immediately after pelting the big pillar on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah and don’t need to wait for the animal sacrifice to be carried out.
The hair must be cut before sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. If it is delayed beyond this point, a penalty will be due.
The hair may be cut in Makkah, Mina or Muzdalifah although it is Sunnah to have the hair cut in Mina. Cutting the hair outside the boundary of the Haram will result in a penalty.
Once the hair has been cut, all restrictions of Ihram will be lifted with the exception of marital relations between husband and wife. This final restriction is only removed once Tawaf al-Ziyarah has been performed in Makkah.
For health and safety reasons, please ensure you use a licensed barber to cut your hair or use your own equipment.
Please refer to this article for additional information on Halq / Taqsir.
After having your hair cut, you will proceed to Makkah where you will perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah (also known as Tawaf al-Ifadah). Tawaf al-Ziyarah is one of the two pillars of Hajj (the other being Wuquf at Arafat) and its omission would render the Hajj invalid. It should be performed after Fajr on the 10th and before sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, although performing it on the 10th is advisable. If for any reason it can’t be performed until after the 12th, its performance will still be necessary although a penalty will also be due as expiation.
Women in a state of major impurity must delay performing Tawaf al-Ziyarah until they are clean. They won’t, however, be liable for a penalty if the Tawaf is delayed until after its fixed time for this reason. If a person is forced to return home without having performed Tawaf al-Ziyarah, marital relations will remain prohibited until that person returns to Makkah and performs the Tawaf.
It is a Sunnah to perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah after Halq or Taqsir. Although it’s acceptable to perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah before Halq or Taqsir, the restrictions of Ihram won’t be lifted until the hair has been cut.
Travelling to Makkah
It is advisable to travel back to Makkah by bus or by taxi as you will need the energy to perform the Tawaf and Sa’i. Mutawwif (government) buses won’t be available to take you back to Makkah due to the fact that pilgrims will be performing the various rituals at different points in the day. Therefore you need to make arrangements with a private bus or taxi, normally available near the Jamarat.
If you are planning to walk, the distance from the Jamarat to Masjid al-Haram is about 5 kilometres (3 miles) and may take up to two hours. After pelting Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar) continue in the direction of Makkah until you reach a series of pedestrian tunnels leading you directly to Makkah to the area between Safa and Marwah.
Performing Tawaf al-Ziyarah
Prior to performing Tawaf al-Ziyarah, it a Sunnah to perform Ghusl (shower). If have had your hair cut and left the state of Ihram, you may use scented products while taking a shower. If you haven’t had your hair cut and are still in the state of Ihram, be careful not to use any products that violate the restrictions of Ihram.
You may want to perform this Tawaf on the roof level as the lower levels can become extremely crowded. Masjid al-Haram tends to get very crowded after 10 AM, so if you arrive in Makkah early, it’s a good idea to do Tawaf before this time. The next best time to perform Tawaf is after Isha Salah.
As you begin the Tawaf, you don’t have to make a specific intention for Tawaf al-Ziyarah. Any Tawaf performed in the aforementioned timeframe for this particular Tawaf will count as Tawaf al-Ziyarah.
Complete the seven circuits of Tawaf and perform two Rakats of Salah at Maqam Ibrahim thereafter. You should also drink some Zamzam water. Please note, Raml (uncovering your right shoulder if in Ihram) or Idtiba (walking briskly) should not be practised during this Tawaf.
Refer to this article for a detailed guide on Tawaf.
Marital relations will now become lawful, provided the Hady has been completed and you have had your hair cut, allowing you to leave the state of Ihram.
Sa’i of Tawaf al-Ziyarah
Sa’i of Tawaf al-Ziyarah is a requirement for those performing Hajj al-Tamattu. If you are performing Hajj al-Qiran or Hajj al-Ifrad, you may have already performed Sa’i after Tawaf al-Qudum (the welcome Tawaf). If this is the case, you aren’t required to perform this particular Sa’i. If you didn’t, you must perform Sa’i at this juncture.
Like with the Tawaf, no particular intention has to be made for this Sa’i. The first Sa’i performed after Tawaf al-Ziyarah will be regarded as the Sa’i of Tawaf al-Ziyarah.
This Sa’i can be performed in regular clothing if you have discarded your Ihram (as is the case with Tawaf al-Ziyarah if you have had your hair cut prior to performing it.)
Complete the seven circuits of Sa’i between Safa and Marwah.
The Sa’i doesn’t have to be performed immediately after Tawaf al-Ziyarah, nor does it need to be performed before sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, although you should endeavour to perform it within this timeframe. There is no harm in delaying it until after this point, although returning home without performing it will result in a penalty. However, marital relations will be lawful as the Tawaf has been completed.
The hair will not be cut again after this particular Sa’i has been completed.
Refer to this article for a detailed guide on Sa’i.
Travelling back to Mina
Travelling back to Mina and spending the nights of the 10th and 11th of Dhul Hijjah is a Sunnah. According to the Hanafi Madhhab, remaining in Makkah for these nights without a valid reason is disliked (Makruh) although doing so won’t incur a penalty. According to the other three Madhhabs, remaining in Makkah will result in a penalty. Therefore, every effort should be made to return to Mina. If Tawaf al-Ziyarah and its Sa’i is performed during any one of the nights of the 10th and 11th, the remainder of each respective night should be spent in Mina.
As was the case with travelling to Makkah, government buses won’t be available so you will need to take a private bus, hire a taxi or walk. If you do take a taxi, you won’t be taken directly to your camp but will be dropped off at the Jamarat, as the police won’t allow the taxi to travel beyond this point.
If you walk back to Mina, make sure you don’t get lost and walk with those who are sure of the route.
Remaining in Makkah
If you are elderly, infirm or very young, or caring for someone that is, you may spend one or both nights in Makkah depending on your situation, without it being disliked (Makruh). Women may also have their Mahrams remain with them if the need arises. However, please bear in mind that Rami al-Jamarat must be performed on the 11th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah. The elderly and infirm may have a proxy to pelt on their behalf.
As a reiteration, don’t remain in Makkah without a genuine reason; make every effort to return to Mina and follow the Sunnah of Rasulullah ﷺ.
Summary of Day 3
- Go to Mina after Fajr.
- Perform Rami (pelting) of Jamarah al-Aqaba (the big pillar).
- Perform Hady (animal sacrifice).
- Perform Halq / Taqsir (get your hair shaved or trimmed).
- Proceed to Makkah.
- Perform Tawaf al-Ziyarah.
- Perform Sa’i.
- Go back to Mina (unless you have a valid excuse to stay in Makkah).