Allah says in the Quran:
لَقَدْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ الرُّؤْيَا بِالْحَقِّ لَتَدْخُلُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ آمِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُءُوسَكُمْ وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ فَعَلِمَ مَا لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا فَجَعَلَ مِنْ دُونِ ذَلِكَ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا
Certainly Allah had shown to His Messenger the vision with truth: you shall most certainly enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah pleases, in security, (some) having their heads shaved and (others) having their hair cut, you shall not fear, but He knows what you do not know, so He brought about a near victory before that.
[Surah al-Fath, 48:27]
The famous Mufassir Ismail Ibn Kathir رحمة الله عليه writes the following about this verse:
In a dream, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw himself entering Makkah and performing Tawaf around the House. He told his companions about this dream when he was still in al-Madinah…and He willed that this matter shall certainly occur, (secure,) means, ‘upon your entering,’ ((some) having your heads shaved, and (some) having your hair cut short,) and some of them indeed had their head hair shaved, while some of them had their head hair shortened.
This dream was indeed fulfilled. During the Hajj, after the Hady was carried out, Rasulullah ﷺ had his head completely shaved i.e. he performed Halq, starting with his right side. Rasulullah ﷺ then supplicated three times to Allah to bestow his mercy on those had shaved their heads and supplicated once for those who had their hair shortened.
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ” اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمِ الْمُحَلِّقِينَ ”. قَالُوا وَالْمُقَصِّرِينَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ” اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمِ الْمُحَلِّقِينَ ”. قَالُوا وَالْمُقَصِّرِينَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ” وَالْمُقَصِّرِينَ ”. وَقَالَ اللَّيْثُ حَدَّثَنِي نَافِعٌ ” رَحِمَ اللَّهُ الْمُحَلِّقِينَ ” مَرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ. قَالَ وَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِي نَافِعٌ وَقَالَ فِي الرَّابِعَةِ ” وَالْمُقَصِّرِينَ ”.
Abdullah bin Umar رضي الله عنه narrated: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.” The people said, “O Allah’s Messenger ﷺ! And (invoke Allah for) those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet ﷺ said, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.” The people said, “O Allah’s Messenger ﷺ! And those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet ﷺ said (the third time), “And to those who get their hair cut short.” Nafi said that the Prophet ﷺ had said once or twice, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who get their head shaved,” and on the fourth time he added, “And to those who have their hair cut short.”
[Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari]
Rulings and Method
Halq (shaving) or Taqsir (trimming the hair) is Wajib (obligatory) if you have hair on your head. You won’t be able to leave the state of Ihram until you have performed one of the two.
If Halq is performed, the head must be shaved in its entirety:
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَهَى عَنِ الْقَزَعِ.
Abdullah bin Umar رضي الله عنه narrated: “Allah’s Messenger ﷺ forbade Al-Qaza (leaving a tuft of hair here and there after shaving one’s head.)”
[Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari]
It is Sunnah to face the Qibla and start Halq / Taqsir from the right side:
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى، أَخْبَرَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ غِيَاثٍ، عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَتَى مِنًى فَأَتَى الْجَمْرَةَ فَرَمَاهَا ثُمَّ أَتَى مَنْزِلَهُ بِمِنًى وَنَحَرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْحَلاَّقِ “ خُذْ ” . وَأَشَارَ إِلَى جَانِبِهِ الأَيْمَنِ ثُمَّ الأَيْسَرِ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يُعْطِيهِ النَّاسَ .
Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنه reported that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ came to Mina; he went to the Jamarat and threw pebbles at it, after which he went to his lodging in Mina, and sacrificed the animal. He then called for a barber and, turning his right side to him, let him shave him; after which he turned his left side. He then gave (this hair) to the people.
[Narrated in Sahih Muslim]
If you have no hair on your head, then (in place of Halq or Taqsir) simply passing a razor over your head will suffice.
When doing Taqsir, the minimum amount to trim is the length of a fingertip from all ends of the hair (about an inch). To simply trim a fingertip’s amount is insufficient. The hair should be trimmed until it is certain that the minimum amount has been trimmed.
It is permissible and a common practice to have someone else cut your hair for you. It is not necessary for that person to have had their own hair cut first prior to cutting yours.
For those performing Hajj, marital relations are only lawful after performing Tawaf al-Ziyarah and not immediately after cutting the hair, although the other Ihram restrictions will be lifted.
Trimming the Hair for Women
Women don’t perform Halq i.e. shave their head. The evidence for this is from the following Hadith:
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى الْحَرَشِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ خِلاَسٍ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ تَحْلِقَ الْمَرْأَةُ رَأْسَهَا .
Ali رضي الله عنه narrated: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ forbade women to shave their heads.”
[Narrated in Sunan an-Nasa’i]
A woman is simply to trim a fingertip’s length i.e. about an inch from the end of her hair. Even if a woman’s hair is short in length, the hair must still be trimmed in order to leave the state of Ihram.
If you’re performing Umrah or Hajj al-Tamattu, don’t forget to cut your hair prior to coming back to the hotel. Many women forget to do so and incur penalties due to still being in the state of Ihram.
Women in a state of Haidh (menstruation) must also cut their hair.
When and Where
For those performing Umrah out of the Hajj season, the hair is cut once after performing Sa’i.
For those performing Hajj al-Tamattu, where Umrah and Hajj are performed separately, the hair is cut twice – once during Umrah and once during Hajj, after the Hady is completed.
For those performing Hajj al-Qiran, the hair is cut once during Hajj, after the Hady is completed.
For those performing Hajj al-Ifrad, the hair is cut once during Hajj and can be performed straight after the pelting of Jamarat al-Aqaba (the big pillar).
For all three types of Hajj, the hair must be cut before sunset on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. If it is delayed beyond this point, a penalty will be due.
The hair can be cut in Makkah, Mina or Muzdalifah. It is Sunnah to have the hair cut in Mina for those performing Hajj.
Getting a haircut inside Makkah or Mina can be very cheap or very expensive. There are two types of barbers – those who are licensed and those who are not.
Unlicensed barbers, who operate by the roadside, usually charge between 5 and 10 Riyals. Although cheap, many advise against using unlicensed barbers due to the health risks associated with their practices. They often use non-sterile blades on more than one person, which can spread diseases and infections such as hepatitis and HIV. Some of these unlicensed barbers also exercise a lack of care, which results in cuts and bleeding during shaving.
Licensed barbers, on the other hand, charge up to 30 Riyals for a shave. Although slightly more expensive, they use single-use disposable blades and are tested for infectious diseases and tend to exercise more care during shaving. It’s certainly worth paying that little bit more to avoid the aforementioned risks associated with unlicensed barbers.
There are a number of licensed barber shops in Makkah, which are open 24 hours a day and generally only close during Salah times. There are many barber shops in the Zamzam Towers, Hilton shopping complex and al-Safwa Towers. You will also see many barbers located outside the Marwah door after you finish your Sa’i between Safa and Marwah. They are located directly to your left on the ground floor, or to your right if you exit from the middle floor.
If you want to get a haircut rather than a shave, you’re looking to pay up to 50 Riyals and above. Please bear in mind that prices also rise during the peak season.
Since barber shops are often busy and to save some money, you also have the option of shaving your own head. You can bring hair clippers to cut your hair and use a razor to clean shave your head. Alternatively, you can go to the barber shop and have the barber use equipment that you have bought along with you, nullifying any potential health or hygiene problems you may be wary about.
|Go to a licensed barber, rather than an unlicensed street barber.|
|Make sure single-use disposable blades are used.|
|Ask the barber to thoroughly wash his hands with water and soap before shaving.|
|Use your own equipment to shave your head or ask the barber to do it for you.|
|Never share your grooming equipment with others to use.|