Makkah

Sites with spiritual and historical significance in Makkah.

Masjid al-Haram

Masjid al-Haram (Arabic: المسجد الحرام‎‎‎‎; meaning: "The Sacred Mosque") is the largest and most important mosque in the Islamic world. Located in Makkah, the mosque houses Islam's holiest site, the Kaaba, and receives...

Kaaba

The Kaaba (Arabic: الكعبة‎‎‎‎; meaning, "The Cube"), also known as Baitullah (Arabic: بيت الله; meaning, "House of Allah"), is a cubical structure at the centre of Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, considered to be the most...

Hajar al-Aswad

Hajar al-Aswad (Arabic: الحجر الأسود; "The Black Stone") is a sacred rock encased with silver that has been placed in the southeastern corner of the Kaaba, believed to have descended from heaven. According to a...

Rukn al-Yamani

Rukn al-Yamani (Arabic: ركن اليماني; "The Yemeni Corner") is situated in the southwestern corner of the Kaaba, opposite Hajar al-Aswad which is located on the other end of the southern wall. Its name is derived from the...

Hijr Ismail / Hateem

Hijr Ismail (Arabic: حجر إسماعيل; "Stone of Ismail"), also known as the Hateem (Arabic: الحَطِيم), is an area adjacent to the Kaaba enclosed by a semi-circular wall.

Multazam

The Multazam (Arabic: ملتزم) is the area between Hajar al-Aswad and the door of the Kaaba. It is about two metres wide and is a place where supplications are accepted.

Safa and Marwa

Safa and Marwa (Arabic: الصفا والمروة) are two small, enclosed mountains adjacent to the Kaaba within the precinct of Masjid al-Haram, between which pilgrims travel back and forth seven times during the ritual of Sa'i...

Zamzam Well

Zamzam (Arabic: زمزم‎‎) is a well located within the precinct of Masjid al-Haram in close proximity to the Kaaba. The entrance to the well was closed in 2003, making it inaccessible to pilgrims, although Zamzam water...

Sites Associated with Hajj

Mina (Arabic: منى) is a valley surrounded by mountains, located to the east of Makkah approximately 6 kilometres away from Masjid al-Haram. A large part of the Hajj pilgrimage is spent in Mina, where more than 100,000...

Arafat (Arabic: عرفات) is a plain about 20 kilometres (12 miles) southeast of Makkah. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, pilgrims travel from Mina to Arafat to perform the most important rite of Hajj. It was in Arafat that the...

Muzdalifah

Muzdalifah (Arabic: مزدلفة) is an open area located southeast of Mina on the route to Arafat. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, Hajj pilgrims spend the night in Muzdalifah.

The Jamarat (Arabic: الجمرات‎‎) are three stone structures situated in Mina, which symbolically represent the locations where Shaytan repeatedly attempted to dissuade the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام from carrying out...

Jamarat Bridge

Jamarat Bridge (Arabic: جسر الجمرات‎‎; transliterated "Jisr al-Jamarat") is a pedestrian bridge in Mina used by Hajj pilgrims during the ritual of Rami al-Jamarat. The bridge was first constructed in 1963, before being...

Jamrat al-Ula

Jamrat al-Ula (Arabic: الجمرة الاولى; "the first pillar"), also known as Jamrat al-Sughra (Arabic: الجمرة الصغرى; "the small pillar"), is one of the three Jamarat at which pebbles are thrown by Hajj pilgrims performing...

Jamrat al-Wusta

Jamrat al-Wusta (Arabic: الجمرة الوسطى; "the medium pillar") is one of the three Jamarat at which pebbles are thrown by Hajj pilgrims performing the ritual of Rami during Ayyam al-Tashreeq. It is situated between Jamrat...

Jamrat al Aqaba

Jamrat al-Aqaba (Arabic: الجمرة العقبة), also known as Jamrat al-Kubra (Arabic: الجمرة الكبرى; "the big pillar"), is one of the three Jamarat at which pebbles are thrown by Hajj pilgrims during the ritual of...

Buildings & Landmarks

Birthplace of the Prophet

Bayt al-Mawlid (Arabic: بيت المولد) is the birthplace of the Prophet ﷺ. He was born on Monday 12 Rabi al-Awwal (April 22, 570 CE) in the Year of the Elephant.

Well of Tuwa

Bir Tuwa (Arabic: بئر طوى) is a well next to which the Prophet ﷺ camped for one night, before bathing with its water the next morning, performing Salah and entering Makkah.

Cave of Hira

The Cave of Hira (Arabic: غار حراء), located near the summit of Jabal al-Noor (Arabic: جبل النور), is where the Prophet ﷺ received the first Quranic revelation. Prior to the revelation, he would often retreat to the...

Cave of Thawr

The Cave of Thawr (Arabic: غار ثور) is famous for having sheltered the Prophet ﷺ and his close companion Abu Bakr al-Siddiq رضي الله عنه from Quryash search parties as they were migrating from Makkah to Madinah.

Graves

Jannat al-Mualla (Arabic: جنة المعلى) is the main cemetery in Makkah, housing the graves of many prominent individuals including the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, their two sons as well as many companions, scholars and...

Grave of Maymuna bint al-Harith

The Grave of Maymuna bint al-Harith رضي الله عنها (Arabic: قبر ميمونة بنت الحارث), the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, is located in Saraf, a town 20 kilometres north of Makkah. She was buried underneath the tree where she got...

Grave of Abdullah ibn Umar

The Grave of Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله عنه (Arabic: مقبرة عبدالله بن عمر), the son of Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه and the brother-in-law of the Prophet ﷺ.

Mountains

Jabal al-Noor

Jabal al-Noor (Arabic: جبل النور) is a mountain where the Prophet ﷺ would spend time worshipping and reflecting. He received the first revelation in the Cave of Hira (Arabic: غار حراء) situated near the summit of the...

Jabal al-Thawr

Jabal al-Thawr (Arabic: جبل النور) is a mountain located four kilometres south of Makkah known for its cave that sheltered the Prophet ﷺ and his close companion Abu Bakr al-Siddiq رضي الله عنه from Meccan search parties.

Jabal al-Rahmah (Arabic: جبل الرحمة; "Mount of Mercy"), also known as Jabal Arafat (Arabic: جبل عرفات; "Mount Arafat"), is a small mountain in Arafat, at the base of which the Prophet ﷺ supplicated during his farewell...

Jabal Abu Qabuis

Jabal Abu Qubais (Arabic: جبل أبو قبيس) is a mountain located next to Masjid al-Haram where the Prophet ﷺ is reported to have split the moon in half. Currently, only remnants of the mountain remain as a result of the...

Mosques

Masjid Aisha Taneem

Masjid Aisha (Arabic: عائشة‎‎ مسجد), also known as Masjid al-Taneem (مسجد التنعيم), is a mosque located at the site where Aisha رضي الله عنها was instructed by the Prophet ﷺ to enter into Ihram in order to perform Umrah...

Masjid al-Jinn

Masjid al-Jinn (Arabic: مسجد الجن), also known as Masjid al-Bayah (Arabic: مسجد البيعة), is a mosque located on the site where a group of Jinn embraced Islam after hearing the Qur’an.

Masjid Mashar al-Haram (Arabic: مسجد مشعر الحرام) is a mosque situated in Muzdalifah which marks the area where the Prophet ﷺ supplicated during his Farewell Pilgrimage. It is located midway between Masjid al-Khayf in...

Masjid al-Namirah (Arabic: مسجد نمرة), located in Wadi Uranah, marks the location where the Prophet ﷺ camped before delivering his final sermon on the plain of Arafat. During Hajj, on the Day of Arafat, a sermon is...

Masjid al-Khayf (Arabic: مسجد الخيف) is located near the smallest Jamarat at the base of the mountain in the south of Mina and is considered the most important mosque in this area. It is here that the Prophet ﷺ and 70...

Masjid al-Bayah

Masjid al-Bayah (Arabic: مسجد البيعة), also known as Masjid al-Aqaba (مسجد العقبة), is situated near Mina and it is the site where two crucial pledges of allegiance were made by the Ansar of Madinah, which led to the...

Masjid al-Fath

Masjid al-Fath (Arabic: مسجد الفتح) is a mosque which marks the location where the Prophet ﷺ camped alongside 10,000 companions, en route to conquer Makkah.

Masjid al-Hudaybiyyah

Masjid al-Hudaibiyah (Arabic: مسجد الحديبية) is a mosque which marks the location of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, a peace agreement between the Prophet ﷺ and the Quraysh tribe of Makkah. Today, it is used as a Miqat for...

Masjid al-Ijabah

Masjid al-Ijabah (Arabic: مسجد الإجابة) is one of the oldest mosques in Makkah, having been built around 3 AH (624 CE). The Prophet ﷺ is reported to have prayed in this location.

Masjid al-Jiranah

Masjid al-Ji'ranah (Arabic: مسجد الجعرانة) is a mosque which marks the location where the Prophet ﷺ entered into Ihram after returning from the Battle of Hunayn. It is one of the designated Miqat points for individuals...

Masjid al-Rayah

Masjid al-Rayah (Arabic: مسجد الراية), also known as Masjid al-Jowdariyyah (Arabic: مسجد الجودرية), was a mosque which marked the site on which the Prophet ﷺ erected a flag to commemorate the successful conquest of...

Masjid al-Shajarah

Masjid al-Shajarah (Arabic: مسجد الشجرة), or Mosque of the Tree, marks the spot where the Prophet ﷺ summoned a nearby tree which approached him and stood in front of him, before returning to its place.

Valleys

Wadi al-Muhassab (Arabic: وادي المحصب) is a valley where the Prophet ﷺ stopped, performed his prayers and rested when travelling from Mina to Makkah.

Wadi Muhasar

Wadi Muhassar (Arabic: وادي محسر) is a valley situated between Mina and Muzdalifah. It is a Sunnah to walk briskly through this area when crossing between the two sites. It is also reported to be the location where the...

Wadi Uranah

Wadi Uranah (Arabic: وادي عرنة) is a valley situated just outside the boundary of Arafat, next to Masjid al-Namirah, where the Prophet ﷺ delivered the Final Sermon during his Farewell Pilgrimage.

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