• Miqat

    Miqat (Arabic: ميقات) refers to the boundary where it becomes necessary for pilgrims to adorn the Ihram garments and impermissible to pass except in the state of Ihram. Those who cross the boundary without having entered into the state of Ihram must perform an animal sacrifice (Damm) as expiation.

    Miqats of Hajj and Umrah

    There are five Miqats in total, four of which are mentioned in the following Hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas I:

    Allah’s Messenger ﷺ had fixed Dhul Hulayfah as the Miqat for the people of Madinah; al-Juhfah for the people of Sham; and Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. So, these (above mentioned) are the Mawaqit for all those living in those places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and Umrah and whoever lives within these places should assume Ihram from his dwelling place, and similarly the people of Makkah can assume Ihram from Makkah.
    [Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari]

    An additional Miqat was affixed during the reign of the second caliph, Umar Ibn al-Khattab I after the towns of Basra and Kufa had been captured. Abdullah ibn Umar I narrates:

    When these two towns (Basra and Kufa) were captured, the people went to Umar and said, “O Chief of the faithful believers! The Prophet ﷺ fixed Qarn as the Miqat for the people of Najd, it is beyond our way and it is difficult for us to pass through it.” He said, “Take as your Miqat a place situated opposite to Qarn on your usual way. So, he fixed Dhat Irq (as their Miqat).
    [Narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari]

    Miqat Names and Locations

    Miqat Map
    Miqat Map

    Dhul Hulayfah (also known as Abyar Ali)

    Dhul Hulayfah is located 18 kilometres southwest of Masjid al-Nabawi ﷺ in Madinah and is 410 kilometres (255 miles) north of Makkah. This is the Miqat for the people of Madinah and the people (outside of Madinah) intending to perform Hajj by passing beyond this point coming from the North.

    Masjid al-Shajarah at the Dhul Hulayfah Miqat
    Masjid al-Shajarah at the Dhul Hulayfah Miqat

    Al-Juhfah (also known as Rabigh)

    Al-Juhfah is located 182 kilometres (113 miles) northwest of Makkah. This is the Miqat for people intending to perform Hajj travelling from North America, Europe, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Algeria, Sudan and several other African countries. Pilgrims may also enter into Ihram at Rabigh, a town just to the north of al-Juhfah.

    Al-Juhfah
    Al-Juhfah Miqat

    Qarn al-Manazil (also known as al-Sayl)

    Qarn al-Manazil is located 80 kilometres (50 miles) east of Makkah. This is the Miqat for the people of Najd and those travelling from countries such as the U.A.E, Oman, Pakistan, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore etc. It is situated near the city of Ta’if.

    Qarn al-Manazi Miqat
    Qarn al-Manazil Miqat

    Dhat Irq

    Dhat Irq is located 90 kilometres (56 miles) northeast of Makkah. This is the Miqat for people intending to perform Hajj travelling from Iraq, Iran, China, Russia etc.

    Yalamlam (also known as al-Sadiah)

    Yalamlam is located 100 kilometres (62 miles) south of Makkah. This is the Miqat for the people of Yemen and those coming from the south. Pilgrims travelling from countries such as South Africa, Nigeria, etc. will cross this Miqat.

    Yamlamlam Miqat
    Yamlamlam Miqat

    Al-Hil

    Al-Hil (Arabic: الحل) refers to the area between the boundaries of the Miqats and the boundaries of the Haram. Towns and cities such as Jeddah, Khulais, al-Janun and Taneem are all situated within the al-Hil area.

    Pilgrims residing in or travelling through al-Hil must enter into a state of Ihram before crossing the boundary of the Haram. For example, a person who travels to Jeddah for business purposes and wants to perform Umrah at a later stage may enter into Ihram in Jeddah or before crossing the boundary of the Haram.

    If an individual from al-Hil has the intention of entering Makkah for another purpose, such as praying salah at the Haram or visiting friends or relatives, Ihram won’t be required. If, after entering Makkah, the individual decides to perform Umrah, Ihram will need to be assumed at the boundary of the Haram.

    Haram

    Haram Boundary Makkah

    The Haram is the sacred boundary of Makkah, within which certain acts are considered unlawful that may be lawful elsewhere. It is prohibited to hunt wild animals, damage plants or trees, graze animals, carry weapons, fight or behave in a manner that will violate the sanctity of Masjid al-Haram. If a violation is carried out within the precinct of the Haram, Damm or Sadaqah is required as expiation.

    The boundaries of the Haram are as follows:

    1. TaneemMasjid Aisha, also known as Masjid Taneem, located about 8 km (5 miles) from the Kaaba and 5 km (3 miles) away from Makkah, in the direction of Madinah.
    2. Adaat Laban – On the road to Yemen, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
    3. Wadi Nakhla – On the road to Iraq, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
    4. Arafat – On the road to Ta’if, close to Masjid Nimra in Arafat, 11 km (7 miles) away from Makkah.
    5. Ji’ranahMasjid al-Ji’ranah, located about 14 km (9 miles) away from Makkah.
    6. HudaibiyahMasjid al-Hudaibiyah, on the road to Jeddah, about 16 km (10 miles) away from Makkah.

    If a pilgrim intends to perform an additional Umrah, Ihram must be assumed outside the boundary of the Haram before reentering Makkah to carry out the rites of Umrah. Many pilgrims choose to enter into the state of Ihram at Masjid Aisha, which is the nearest and most convenient location from Masjid al-Haram. Transportation to get to this location is available near the mosque.

    Madinah

    YouTube video

    Pilgrims intending to go to Madinah before going to Makkah to perform Hajj or Umrah may enter into Ihram at the hotel in Madinah or the designated Miqat for Madinah, Masjid Dhul Hulayfah. The taxi/coach will stop at Masjid Dhul Hulayfah on the way to Makkah if you’re travelling by road.

    Pilgrims travelling from Madinah to Makkah via train can wear the Ihram garments at the hotel or the train station prior to departure. Your intention for Ihram can be delayed until after the train has departed. About 10 minutes into the train journey, an announcement will be made about the approaching Miqat boundary. At this point, you should make the intention to enter the state of Ihram.

    Jeddah

    It is sometimes the case that pilgrims enter into Ihram at Jeddah airport. As this is a violation of Ihram, the pilgrim should travel to the Miqat that was originally designated or travel to the nearest Miqat. The nearest Miqat to Jeddah is al-Juhfah (Rabigh), which is about 160 kilometres (100 miles) away. Alternatively, an animal sacrifice (Damm) should be carried out as expiation.

    Only residents of Jeddah or those who intend to travel to Jeddah with another intention, such as business or tourism, may enter into Ihram in Jeddah.

    There has been some disagreement among scholars as to whether or not Jeddah can be used as a Miqat for those performing Hajj or Umrah. As there is a difference of opinion, it is advisable to take the cautious approach so that the rites of Hajj and Umrah can be carried out with certainty.

    Airlines

    If you’re travelling to Makkah via Jeddah on an aeroplane to perform Umrah, it is advisable to get changed into your Ihram at home or at the airport before departure or during a stopover if you have one. At the airport, you can check in first and get changed in the prayer room or bathroom. Alternatively, you can put on your Ihram in-flight although this is the least recommended option.

    Flight with a non-Islamic Airline

    If you’re flying with a non-Islamic airline, there will be no facilities on board where you’ll be able to pray or get changed. Therefore, getting changed into your Ihram at the airport prior to departure is advisable. As the Miqat approaches, the intention to enter into the state of Ihram should be made.

    Flight with an Islamic Airline

    If you’re flying with an Islamic airline, you will have access to a small prayer area during the course of the flight. About 10 or 20 minutes away from the Miqat, you will be informed by the captain or a message will appear on the screen informing you that the Miqat is approaching. At this point, you should change into your Ihram if you haven’t done so already. If you feel uncomfortable changing into your Ihram on a plane or you feel you may have difficulties in doing so, it is advisable to follow the approach above and wear the Ihram at the airport prior to departure.

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    • I am planning on taking the bullet train from Jeddah to Mecca for Umrah. Should i wear the ihram on the train from Jeddah and then does the train pass by any of the designated Miqat locations to make my intention while on the train? or do i need to get a taxi from mecca back to the nearest Miqat to make my intention?

    • I am planning to go for umrah but we want perform umrah second day
      My flight from Dubai to Jeddah
      It’s possible or not
      Should I perform umrah same day or I can do it second day

      Problem is that we will reach there approximately 5pm

    • Assalamu’alaikum.
      I am planning to travel to Mecca for Umrah from London but I intend to pass the night in a Hotel in Jedda before proceeding to perform Umrah the next day. Please where is the Meeqat point for me?

    • Salam,
      Please advise: travelling for umrah via Doha from London, where will be the miqat? Can I make my intentions before I leave london or I need to do it in Doha?

    • Salaam,
      I am planning to travel Mecca for Umrah but intended to do the Umrah on the second day after arriving. I would like to enter into the state of ihram on that second day. What would be the correct and most convenient location for miqaat for me.

      • idk if its right but i can tell u what i did, and lots of people do it. I also performed umrah on the second day. So for that, i actually had to go to Masjid Ayesha, which is 5km away, and put on my Ehram there. The taxis will loot u but there r long free white buses, (ask anybody where the bus station is) they will pick and drop u from masjid ayesha absolutely free. i was able to do 3 umrahs this way. just back and forth from masjid ayesha.

      • Walekum,
        You can do umrah on the second day but you
        need to be in a state of ihram from the first day itself as you are entering Makkah.
        if you do not enter Makkah in a state of ihram, then as expiation you will have to give damm ( sacrifice goat) and then go to Masjid Ayesha or any other Miqat and enter state of ihram there. Please consult a Mufti in this. Allah knows best.

    • Assalamualaikum.
      I am travelling from Dammam while wearing Ihram . I’ll be landing at Jeddah AIRPORT. My friend is travelling from another country and I have to wait for him so , we can travel together and perfrom umrah.
      The question is can I enter Jeddah and stay for few hours in hotel and come back to airport to pick my friend and leave for Makkah?

    • I am traveling with my kids 3 and 1 year old from Canada to USA and then Jeddah Saudi arabia. Staying 1 night almost 30hours in a hotel before leaving for umrah. We need a rest before umrah due to kids and long flight.

      What will be my meeqat?

      Hotel ?

      Actual Meeqat ?

      • Apparently it’s Miqat Al Jihfah. We are doing the same. Flying to Jeddah with kids. Staying overnight for a rest (we get in very late) and then the next day taking a taxi to the Miqat point to do the necessary rituals there.

    • MASHALLAH SO NICE IN DETAIL AND CORRECT INFORMATION MY BROTHER !

      MAY ALLAH BLESS YOU ..AMEEN
      MASALAM

      RIZWAN
      NEW YORK

    • Assalamualaikum wa rahmatullah

      I asking peoples living in Mecca want’s to perform Umrah,from where they get their Ihram.

    • AssalamAlaikum
      My Question is I am Coming From ABHA TO JEDDAH to PRO-FROM UMRAH SO where i Ware IHRAM please let me known

    • Going to perform Umrah from Budapest by wizz air. From where should I do my ihram? Can it be done at Jeddah airport?

      • Assalamualaikum
        we are planning to travel for umrah with wizair in October this year inshaAllah.
        would you please share your experience traveling with wizair for umrah please and where did u put on your ihram

        JazakAllah

      • I have travelled with WIzz Air from the UK to do my Umrah. I changed into my ihram at Bucharest airport prior to boarding my flight. There were many others doing the same.

        Some people did change on the plane in the aircraft toilets. I wouldn’t feel comfortable doing this as the toilet area will be dirty.

        • Asalam o Alaiqum brother.

          MashAllah brother, I’m thinking to go on wizz air in Ramadan inshahAllah, I be on my own so it should be ok, the ticket I’m getting there is no luggage included only backpack, just wanted to check how was your experience with Wizz air for a long journey please?

          And also from Bucharest was it a direct flight to Jeddah for you, or did you stop elsewhere as some fares are coming up with 2 stop overs London-Bucharest-Riyadh-Jeddah. in this scenario where does one should put ihram on at Bucharest or at Riyadh?

    • Assalamoulaikum, I am travelling to Makkah via Jeddah Int Airport and intents to wear Ihram next day to perform Umrah and would proceed to Qarn al manazil, taif, wear Ihram & renter Makkah, Insha Allah, is there any observation on this or I must wear Ihram in the aircraft while travelling to Jeddah, Jazak Allah for early response

    • AssalamAlaikum
      JazakAllahu Khayran for the information.
      The majority of pilgrims now arrive by air and land at Jeddah, which is inside the miqat zone. It would have been better if the Saudi Government had built the hajj terminal outside the zone.
      When the miqats were fixed air travel did not exist.
      Scholars should look again into this issue .
      Most pilgrims put on the ihram at the point of departure. This causes a lot of inconvenience, especially on long haul flights.
      WAllahu A’lam

      • و عليكم السلام و رحمة الله و بركاته
        Miqaats were fixed by Rasul (saw) as directed by Allāh SWT.
        Our belief is Allāh Deen Islam is for All ages. He knows that Air travel would come later on yet still fixed these miqaats.
        Hence this can not be changed by rather worked around.

    • Thank you for for the information. The presentation is amazingly simple. It is indeed a superb job.

      I particularly liked the presentation how to put on the Ihram. You can imagine how terrified I was about putting it on.

      I will be heading to Umrah next week insha’a allah and I am very excited. Thank you.

      Baraka allah!

      • Hi Julian,
        Have you ever attended UEL? If that’s the case please reply, we might know each other.
        Thanks